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PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian. G. E. Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

A database of chess endings


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 11th year.


Important Announcement: For the time being I have decided not to add any more endings to the present collection. There is already plenty of material here to chew over. The site will remain open for the forseeable future for study/training and I haven't ruled out adding more endings at a later date. I would like to thank you for your interest and support over the years and especially those who have sent me analysis. Special thanks must go to Antonio Senatore and Ernest Hong whose contributions have been invaluable.

LAST MONTH POSITION 398

Alexei Troitzky, (1866-1942).

Russian/Soviet Endgame Composer. One of the founders of the art of modern endgame study composition. His early career in composing started in 1895 but only lasted a couple of years and then his interest waned. Much of his earlier work was full of new ideas but lacked the polish that was to come later. In 1906 he made a triumphant return to chess with his brilliant analysis of the difficult ending of two Knights vs pawn. In 1910 he wrote an important article, published in the St Petersburg paper "Niva" in which he laid down the principles for the composing of studies. He has over 1000 studies to his credit. He wrote: A Selection of Chess Studies (1934). Troitzky died in the siege of Leningrad in 1942. 

64, 1930

White to play and WIN

FEN:6k1/K2p4/5Q2/1q3pKp/8/8/P7/8 w - - 0 1:

Although White is material down he can mount a winning attack because of the poor placement of the Black King at the edge of the board. The stair-movement of the new promoted White Queen is worth remembering because it is often a feature of these type of endings.

1.Kg6! Qc6

Black is forced to pin the White Queen to stop the mate threat.

2.Qxc6 ...

2.a4 Qxf6+ 3.Kxf6 f4-+; 2.Kxf5 Qxf6+ 3.Kxf6 h4-+;

2... dxc6

3.a4 f4

Black wins the race to queen but White queens with check !

4.a5 f3

5.a6 f2

6.a7 f1Q

7.a8Q+ Qf8

Now begins the stair movement of the White Queen

8.Qa2+ Kh8

9.Qb2+ Kg8

10.Qb3+ Kh8

The White queen ascends the "stairs".

11.Qc3+ Kg8

12.Qc4+ Kh8

13.Qd4+ Kg8

14.Qd7! Wins.

A simple but an attractive ending.
 
NEW BOOK written by composers of endgame studies from all over the world   http://www.schach-agentur.de/Shop/AGB/Neue_Bucher/neue_bucher.html.
Compiled by  Gerhard Josten
 

01/10/05

Position 367

Beasley

01/09/05

Position 366

Kotov

01/08/05

Position 365

Reti

01/07/05

Position 364

Napier

01/06/05

Position 363

Timman

01/05/05

Position 362

Schlechter

01/04/05

Position 361

Rinck

01/03/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

Przepiorka

19/12/04

Position 357

Keres

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

Santasiere

31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison

 

01/06/07

Position 387

Chigorin

01/05/07

Position 386

Kasparyn

03/04/07

Position 385

Bronstein

01/03/07

Position 384

Gurevich

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

Platovs

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann

 

01/05/08

Position 398

01/04/08

Position 397

01/03/08

Position 396

Fischer

01/02/08

Position 395

Jansa

01/01/08

Position 394

Tarrasch

01/12/07

Position 393

Bird

01/11/07

Position 392

Karpov

01/10/07

Position 391

Sir. G. Thomas

01/09/07

Position 390

Grigoriev

01/08/07

Position 389

Reshevsky

01/07/07

Position 388

Benko

 

Pre 17/10/04 Archives


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
mailto: brigosling@aol.com

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