PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME or BRIAN'S CHESS FOLLY. 27/12/98

Welcome to this active site. Each week I am going to present to you a endgame position for you to solve or to workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions will be relevant to the practical game.

The new position will occur each SUNDAY and I will always be pleased to receive POSITIVE feedback about the positions and the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where relevant.

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THIS WEEK

POSITION 70

White to Play & WIN

 

FORSYTH NOTATION:2k5/6R1/N7/8/8/6K1/7p/5b2:   


LAST WEEK, POSITION 69

Jan Foltys (1908-1952) International Master. He showed great promise when he won third prize after Flohr and Alekhine at Podebrady in 1936. He played 2nd board for Czechoslovakia in the 1937 and 1939 Olympiads. In 1942 at Prague he came 3rd after Alekhine and Junge. His premature death at 44, from leukaemia was a great loss to the chess community.

Foltys v Sorenson

Stockholm, 1937

White to Play & WIN

  FORSYTH NOTATION:8/1k6/4p1p1/1P3p2/P1K1pP2/2B3P1/5b2/8:   

The two united passed pawns prove too strong as Black is unable to set up a blockade. White has to keep a careful eye on the passed e-pawn and stay in the square of the pawn until he is certain his attack will succeed.

1.a5! ...

1... Bg1

Not 1....Bxg3? because of: 2.a6+ Kb6 3.Bd4+ Kc7 4..Kc5 Bxf4 5.b6+ and White will queen a pawn.

2.Bd4! Bxd4

Black has no choice but to exchange pieces but it is still not obvious how White is going to win. He has to be careful because the e-pawn is threatening to queen if the King wanders to far forward.

3.Kxd4 Kc7

4.Kc4 Kb7

5.Kb4 ...

Playing 5.Kc5? is a mistake because the King will be outside the square of the pawn.

5... Kc7

6.Kb3 Kb7

7.b6 Kc6

8.Kc4 Kd6

Not 8...Kb7? because now the King can leave the square of the e-pawn and carry out a mating attack: 9.Kb5! e3 10.a6+ Kb8 11.Kc6 e2 12.a7+ Ka8 13.b7+ Kxa7 14.b8Q+ Ka6 15.Qb6#.

9.a6 ...

Again White cannot play 9.Kb5?

9... Kc6

10.a7 Kb7

11.Kd4 Ka8

12.Kc5! ...

Now the King can go forward because the e-pawn will arrive at its queening square too late to stop the mating attack..

12... Kb7

13.Kd6! ...

Now if 13...e3 White wins: 14.a8Q+ Kxa8 15.Kc7 and White mates in 3 moves. The pawn ending had to carefully calculated. A fine ending by Foltys.

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings we deal with here. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have databases.(Chessbase Endgame CD) In the days when we had ajournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter are both good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941) and the more modern Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are really about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which has been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked". Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).

 The Seasons Greetings to you all.

Gens Una Sumas.


ARCHIVES

20/12/98

Position 68

Przepiorka

13/12/98 

Position 67 

Kashdan 

5/12/98 

Position 66 

Reti 

29/11/98 

Position 65 

Fischer 

22/11/98 

Position 64 

Ratner 

15/11/98 

Position 63 

Capablanca 

8/11/98 

Position 62 

Zepler 

1/11/98 

Position 61 

Szabo  

26/10/98 

Position 60

Liburkin 

18/10/98

Position 59

Janowski

11/10/98

Position 58

Selesniev

Pre 11/10/98 Archives

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