PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

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16/02/2003

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Welcome to this active site. Each week I am going to present to you an endgame position for you to solve or to workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions will be relevant to the practical game. The new position will occur each SUNDAY and I will always be pleased to receive POSITIVE feedback about the positions and the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where relevant.

Thanks to Antonio Senatore, Jon Palmer, Henryk Kalafut, Alexander Voyna, Olivier Scalbert, Gerald O'Reilly and Jim Monaghan .
THIS WEEK

POSITION 275

Black to Play and WIN 

FORSYTH NOTATION

:8/8/8/3p1p2/3Pp2p/P4k1P/1P3P2/4K3 b - - 0 1:

>> CUMULATIVE COMPETITION


LAST WEEK, POSITION 274

Joseph Peckover, (1897-1982).

Endgame Study Composer. Born in England but emigrated to New York in 1921. Endgame Editor for the American Chess Quarterly 1961-65. Composed over a hundred endings, many of which were of a high standard. 

Peckover, 1964

White to Play and WIN 

 

FORSYTH NOTATION

:3k4/8/4K1P1/8/8/2Rp4/8/5r2 w - - 0 1:

The secret of understanding (Rook) endings is to know the basic positions. Nearly all endings will eventually resolve themselves into these building blocks. I cannot emphasise enough how important it is to know these positions if you want to improve your endgame play. Fortunately there is a nice way to learn and understand these basic theoretical positions. This is by attempting to solve endgame studies. The above ending will not make much sense unless you know and appreciate the Lucena position.

1.g7! ...

White wastes no time in going for a Lucena position with the pawn on the 7th rank and the King in front of the pawn.

1.Rxd3+? Ke8 2.g7 Rf6+!! a wonderful defence (2...Rg1? 3.Kf6 Rf1+ 4.Kg6 Rg1+ 5.Kh7 Rh1+ 6.Kg8 reaching the Lucena winning position) 3.Kxf6 stalemate or 3.Ke5 Rg6 =;

1. ... Re1+

2.Kf7 Rf1+

3.Kg8 Rf3

Black decides on defending the pawn from the third rank. With 3... Rd1 White wins by going for the Lucena idea of 'building a bridge' with the Rook under which the King can shelter from checks and at the same time keeping an eye on the enemy d-pawn: 4.Rc4! Ke7 (4...d2 5.Rf4(Rh4) Ke7 6.Rf2 Ke8 7.Rh2 Ke7 8.Kh7 Rg1 9.Rxd2 Rh1+ 10.Kg8 wins.) 5.Re4+! Kd6 6.Rg4 d2 (6...Ke5 7.Kf7 d2 8.g8Q Rf1+ 9.Ke7 d1Q 10.Qe6#) 7.Rg2 Ke7 8.Rh2 Kf6 9.Kh8 Rg1 10.Rxd2 Rh1+ 11.Kg8 White wins;

4.Kh7 Rh3+

The Rook keeps checking in order to stop the g-pawn queening.

5.Kg6 Rg3+

6.Kf6 Rf3+

6...Kd7? 7.Rxd3+ Rxd3 8.g8Q wins;

7.Ke5 Re3+

7...Rg3? 8.Rxd3+! Rxd3 9.g8Q wins;

8.Kf4 ...

The Rook is forced off the 3rd rank.

8... Re8

The Black Rook gets back to prevent the enemy pawn promoting but with the loss of the pawn, it is an easy win for White.

9.Rxd3+ Kc7

10.Kf5 WINS.

Gens Una Sumas. 


Antonio Senatore, Henryk Kalafut, Alexander Voyna and Gerald O'Reilly win in January.

>> CUMULATIVE COMPETITION


  COMPETITIONS for 2003

1. Cumulative 2003 Prizes: 1st £100 or equivalent, 2nd £50, 3rd £30; 4th £20. (Total Prize Money=£200) Entries limited to 20 solvers. This event will run from 5/1/2003 to 22/12/2003 with a recess in July. Present CUMULATIVE COMPETITION rules apply but note the prizes will go to those participants who climb the ladder the greatest number of times during the year. The relative position of the solver's name on the ladder will decide the allocation of prizes.


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