Editor: Brian Gosling


Welcome to this active site. Each week I am going to present to you an endgame position for you to solve or to workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions will be relevant to the practical game. The new position will occur each SUNDAY and I will always be pleased to receive POSITIVE feedback about the positions and the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where relevant.

Thanks to Antonio Senatore, Valdir Uchoa, Henryk Kalafut and Alexander Voyna.


White to play and WIN


:5k2/7p/p2p4/3P4/3N3p/5P1q/P4P2/1R4K1 w - - 0 1:

This is the 1st position of the 2004  Cumulative Competition.

> > Cumulative competition


Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) & Josef Kling (1811-1876).

Players, Authors and Endgame Composers. Originally from Germany but settled in England in 1846. They formed an important partnership which lead to the writing of Chess Studies (1851). This book made a very big impact on the chess players of the 19th century. It showed that charm and beauty were not only found in direct attacks at the King but also in practical and composed endings. It really marks the beginning of the modern history of the endgame study. It's importance to the student of the endgame cannot be over emphasised. It really is a wonderful achievement for an age which was only just beginning to get used to the power of steam. The book contains 208 positions covering both the didactic and the more colourful endgame study.

Horwitz & Kling

Chess Studies, 1851

White to play and WIN


FORSYTH NOTATION:7r/kP6/P7/8/K7/8/8/1R6 w - - 0 1: 

Some players may think that these types of position offer an easy win for the stronger side but in practice they are tricky to play. White has to find a way to transfer the Rook to defend the a-pawn from the side. The Rook manoeuvre Rb6 ->Rc6 ->Rf6 -> Rf8 is worthy of note. In fact if the weaker side had managed to carry out the blockade at an earlier stage of the advancement of the passed pawns then White's winning method would not have worked.

1.Ka5 Rh5+

1...Rg8 2.Rb6!! Rg5+ 3.Kb4 Rg4+ (3...Rg8 4.Rc6+-) 4.Kc5 Rg5+ 5.Kd4 Rg4+ 6.Ke5 Rg5+ 7.Kf4 Rg8 8.Rc6 Rf8+ 9.Ke5 Re8+ 10.Kd6 Rd8+ 11.Kc7 Rh8 12.Rd6 Rh7+ 13.Rd7 Rh8 14.Rd8 Rh7+ 15.Kc8+-;

2.Rb5 Rh8

2...Rxb5+? 3.Kxb5 Kb8 4.Kc6 Ka7 5.Kc7 White wins.

The Black Rook is forced back; how can White proceed ?

3.Rb6!! ...

An important discovery. The Rook guards the a-pawn and threatens to get to c8 via c6. Notice this idea would not work if the same position occurred further down the board.

3.Rc5? Rh6! 4.Kb5 Rb6+! =;

3... Rh5+

3...Rg8 4.Rc6! Rg5+ ( 4...Kb8 5.Kb6+-) 5.Kb4 Rh5 6.Rc8 Rh4+ 7.Kc5 Rh5+ 8.Kd6 Rh6+ 9.Ke5 Rh5+ 10.Kf6 Rb5 11.Ra8+ Kb6 12.b8Q++-;

4.Kb4 Rh4+

White has to escape the checks by moving towards the enemy Rook. This technique is often seen in these type of endings.

5.Kc5 Rh5+

6.Kd4 Rh4+

7.Ke5 Rh5+

8.Kf4 Rh4+

8...Rh8 9.Rc6 Kb8 10.Ke5 Rd8 11.Ke6 Rh8 12.Kd5 Rh5+ 13.Kd6 Rh8 14.Kc5 Rh5+ 15.Kb6 Rh8 16.a7#;

9.Kg5 Rh8

The checks are over and the Rook is forced to guard b8. White now has to exchange Rooks by transferring his Rook to the 8th rank.

10.Rc6! Kb8

Black has to guard the c8 square.

10...Rf8? 11.Rc8+-

11.Kg6 Rf8

12.Kg7 Rd8(e8)

13.Rf6! WINS

Black has no answer to the threat of Rf8 leading to exchange of the Rooks and the eventual queening of the b-pawn.

The Horwitz & Kling finish went: 13.Kf7 Rh8 14.Ke7 Rh7+ 15.Kd6 Rh6+ 16.Kc5 Rh5+ 17.Kb6 wins.

 Gens Una Sumus.

The winners of the 2003 cumulative competition: 

1st =

Antonio Senatore - Argentina,

Henryk Kalafut - USA,

Alexander Voyna - Ukraine


Gerald O'Reilly - England


>> Cumulative competition


1. Cumulative 2004 This event will run from 4/1/2004 to 19/12/2004 with a recess in the Summer. Present rules apply but note the book prizes will go to those participants who climb the ladder the greatest number of times during the year. The relative position of the solver's name on the ladder will decide the allocation of prizes.

Pre 16/11/03 Archives




Position 313



Position 312



Position 311

V. Petrov


Position 310



Position 309

Rosselli del Turco


Position 308