PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

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01/02/2004

Editor: Brian Gosling

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Welcome to this active site. Each week I am going to present to you an endgame position for you to solve or to workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions will be relevant to the practical game. The new position will occur each SUNDAY and I will always be pleased to receive POSITIVE feedback about the positions and the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where relevant.

Thanks to Antonio Senatore, Jay Ramanathan, Valdmir Uchoa Jr, Gerald O'Reilly, Henryk Kalafut, Jon Palmer, Rainer Staudte and Olivier Scalbert.
THIS WEEK

POSITION 319

White to play and WIN

FORSYTH NOTATION

:4k3/1q6/6P1/8/3p2Rn/3K4/8/R7 w - - 0 1:
Antonio Senatore, Henryk Kalafut and Gerald O'Reilly win in January

> > Cumulative competition

There will be a special prize for the highest placed newcomer in 2004.
LAST WEEK, POSITION 318

Svetozar Gligoric, (1923-)

Yugoslav Grandmaster. World Championship candidate. Made a tremendous contribution to chess for well over half a century. A charismatic figure. Creator of many novelties in the openings and author of more than twenty books on the game including probably the World's best seller on chess: Fischer-Spassky match, Reykjavik, 1972. (400,000 copies).

Smyslov vs Gligoric

Warsaw, 1947

Black to play and WIN

FORSYTH NOTATION

:8/5pk1/4p3/7p/2R2K1P/1r4P1/8/8 b - - 0 1:

It was this game that first brought Gligoric worldwide fame. Besides being an expert on Rook endings, Smyslov was soon to become the world number two player behind Botvinnik in the 1948 match-tournament for the World Championship. So this win against an illustrious opponent was a big step-up for Gligoric but it was to be a number of years before he would repeat his success.

Normally an extra pawn on the same flank would not be enough to win but in this case the extra pawn is a protected passed pawn. This increases Black's winning chances considerably. The main line that follows are the moves played in the game.

1... f6!

2.Rc6 ...

2.g4 hxg4 3.Kxg4 f5+ 4.Kf4 Kf6 5.Rc6 Rh3 -+ Black's united passed pawns will be too strong;

2... Kf7

2...e5+? throws away the win after 3.Kf5 Rf3+ 4.Ke6 Rxg3 5.Rc7+ Kg6 6.Rc8 Rg4 7.Rf8 Rf4 8.Rg8+Kh7 9.Kf7 Rg4 10.Re8 Rxh4 11.Kxf6 e4 12.Kg5=;

3.Rc7+ Kg6

4.Rc8 e5+

5.Ke4 Rb4+

5...Rxg3?? would lose to the skewer 6.Rg8+;

6.Kf3 Kf5

7.Rh8?! ...

White's defence could have been strengthened by 7.Rg8! Rb3+ 8.Kf2 Ke4 9.Rg6! The Black Rook prevents the invasion of the King via g4 and defends the g3 pawn. It means the White King can now become active in holding up the advance of Black's passed pawn rather than being the passive spectator as in the game.

7... e4+

8.Kg2 ...

8.Kf2 Rb2+! 9.Ke3 Rb3+ 10.Kf2 Kg4! 11.Rg8+ Kh3 12.Rg6 f5 13.Rg5 Rf3+ 14.Ke2 Kg2! The King shelters behind White's g-pawn so as to be able to support the advance of the passed e-pawn 15.Ke1 Rf1+ 16.Ke2 Rf2+ 17.Ke1 e3 18.Rg8 Kf3 19.Rg5 f4 20.gxf4 Ra2 winning;

8... Rb2+

9.Kh3 ...

This prevents the g4 invasion but now the White King is locked up.

9... Kg6

10.Re8 Re2

11.Re7 f5

12.Re6+ Kg7

13.Ra6 ...

13.Re7+ Kf6 14.Rh7 Kg6 15.Ra7 Rf2; keeping the White King locked up and making room for the advance of the e-pawn, 16.Re7 Kf6 17.Re8 Rd2 18.Rf8+ Ke5 reaches the main line;

13... Rf2

14.Re6 Kf7

15.Re5 Kf6

16.Re8 Rd2

17.Rf8+ ...

17.Rh8 e3 18.Re8 e2 19.Re3f4! 20.gxf4 Rd3! -+;

17... Ke5

18.Re8+ ...

Black resigned. The game might continue: 18...Kd4 19.Rd8+ Ke3 20.Rf8 f4! 21.gxf4 ( 21.Rxf4 Rf2 -+) 21...Kf2 22.f5 e3 23.f6 Rd1 24.Kh2 Rd4 25.Kh3 Rf4 wins.

 

 Gens Una Sumus.


The winners of the 2003 cumulative competition:  

1st =

Antonio Senatore - Argentina,

Henryk Kalafut - USA,

Alexander Voyna - Ukraine

4th

Gerald O'Reilly - England

>> Cumulative competition


  COMPETITIONS for 2004

1. Cumulative 2004 This event will run from 4/1/2004 to 19/12/2004 with a recess in the Summer. Present rules apply but note the book prizes will go to those participants who climb the ladder the greatest number of times during the year. The relative position of the solver's name on the ladder will decide the allocation of prizes.
Pre 16/11/03 Archives

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25/01/04

Position 317

Troitzky

18/01/04

Position 316

Szabo

11/01/04

Position 315

 V. & M. Platov

04/01/04

Position 314

Horwitz & Kling

21/12/03

Position 313

Botvinnik

14/12/03

Position 312

Lazard

07/12/03

Position 311

V. Petrov

30/11/03

Position 310

Koranyi

23/11/03

Position 309

Rosselli del Turco

16/11/03

Position 308

Blandford