Editor: Brian Gosling
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Welcome to this active site. Each week I am
going to present to you an endgame position for you to solve or to
workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be
considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical
games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions
will be relevant to the practical game. The new position will occur
each SUNDAY and
I will always be pleased to receive
POSITIVE feedback about the positions and
the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where
Thanks to Antonio
Senatore, Rainer Staudte, Henryk Kalafut, Gerard
O'Reilly, Jon Palmer, Valdir Uchoa Jr and Yuriy
White to play and WIN
:7r/1p1b1k2/1P1p2p1/R2P1pP1/2PKpP2/8/4B3/8 w - - 0
It is good training to try initially to
solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing
> > Cumulative
Important Notice: Easter Break.
Please send solutions to the above position after Easter Sunday 11th
April (deadline 04.00 GMT Friday 16th); The next position will be up
on Sunday 18th April. Thank you.
LAST WEEK, POSITION 327
Nikolai Kralin, (1944-)
Russian Endgame Composer. Prolific
composer for over five decades. His studies have won many awards.
Sometime member of F.I.D.E. Commission of Chess Compositions. Judge
for International Solving Championship of Russia.
White to play and DRAW
:3r4/8/3pR3/K7/7p/p2N4/4P3/3k4 w - - 0 1:
White has a material advantage of a Knight for two pawns. But
the Black a- and h-pawns are very dangerous for they are not far from
promotion. The White Rook plays a wonderful role in defending against
the passed pawns on both flanks. The a-pawn particularly needs to be
dealt with straightaway so White's first move is not difficult to
find. It is important to remember that White is fighting for a draw
heading for a theoretical draw with Knight against Rook (2.Ka4? h3
3.Kxa3 h2 4.Nd3 Kc2 5.Nf2 Rf8 6.Nf1 Rf1 7.Ng3 Rg1 8.Rh6 Rxg3 9.Kb4
Rg2 10.e4 Kd3 11.Rh4 Rg1 12.Rxh2 Rb1+ 13.Ka4 Kxe4 Wins) 2... Kxe2
3.Re6+ Kf2 4.Rf6+ Kg3 5.Rg6+ Kf4 6.Rf6+ Ke47.Rf2 h3 8.Rh2 Kf3 9.Ka4
Kg3 10.Rxh3+ Rxh3 11.Kxa3=;
2...a2? 3.Nxa2 Rxa2
4.Rh6(Rxd6 =) 4... Rxe2 5.Rxh4 Rd2 6.Kc4 d5+ 7.Kc3 =;
3.Ka4 Rxb4+ 4.Kxb4
transposes to the main line.
In order to draw the Rook needs to get to the 1st
rank to fulfill its defensive role. If the a-pawn now promotes, the
new Queen will be won by a Rook skewer.
5.Rxd6+? Kc2 6.Ra6 Kb1!
(6...Kb2?? 7.e4 a1Q 8.Rxa1 Kxa1 9.e5 h310.e6 h2 11.e7 h1Q 12.e8Q =)
7.e4 h3 8.Rf6 a1Q 9.Rf1+ Ka2 10.Rf2+ Qb2+Wins;
White now has a very subtle
defensive plan where Black although having a new Queen is forced to
repeat moves or else enter into a lost ending. An important feature
of this plan is to block the diagonals a7-g1 or a8-h1, depending on
which file the defending Rook is on, with the e-pawn, so that the new
Queen cannot attack it.
The apparently obvious 7.e3? loses to: 7...h3! forcing the Rook to a
vulnerable square. (7...a1Q?? 8.Rg2+ =) 8.Rh1 a1Q 9.Rh2+ Kb1 10.Kb3
7...h3 8.Rh2 a1Q 9.e4+!
Kc1 10.Rh1+ Kb2 11.Rh2+ with a draw.
This important pawn move blocks the critical g1-a7
Pushing the pawn two squares loses: 8.e4+?? Kb1 9.Kb3 (9.Rg1+Ka2 10.Rg2+ Qb2+
winning) 9...Qd4 wins;
8...Kb1?? loses to
A wonderful study showing brilliant
defensive play by White.
> > Cumulative
Henryk Kalafut and Gerard O'Reilly win in
There will be a special prize
for the highest placed newcomer in 2004.
The winners of the 2003 cumulative
Senatore - Argentina,
Kalafut - USA,
O'Reilly - England
COMPETITIONS for 2004
1. Cumulative 2004 This event will
run from 4/1/2004 to
19/12/2004 with a recess in the Summer. Present rules apply
but note the book prizes will go to those participants who climb the
ladder the greatest number of times during the year. The relative
position of the solver's name on the ladder will decide the
allocation of prizes.