PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

19/12/2004

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Welcome to this active site. Each week I am going to present to you an endgame position for you to solve or to workout the best continuation. Computer analysis will also be considered. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but all the solutions will be relevant to the practical game. The new position will occur each SUNDAY and I will always be pleased to receive POSITIVE feedback about the positions and the analysis and I will try to acknowledge these where relevant.

Thanks to Antonio Senatore, Henryk Kalafut, Gerard O'Reilly, Josep S. Blanes and Valdir Uchoa Jr.
 *www.chessending.com*

The Season's Greetings to you all. Thanks for Your Support.

Important Notice: I will next be back on Sunday January 16th with the first position of the New Year.

The winners of the 2004 cumulative competition will be announced in the New Year.
THIS WEEK

POSITION 358

White to play and WIN

 

:R4n1/4n2p/4K2P/6P1/1pk5/8/8/8 w - - 0 1: 

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

> > Cumulative competition


LAST WEEK, POSITION 357

Paul Keres, (1916-1975).

Estonian and Soviet Grandmaster. World Championship Candidate. In 1938, Keres came equal first with Reuben Fine at the Dutch AVRO tournament which was looked upon as the unofficial Candidates tournament for the World Championship. Keres had the better Sonnenborn-Berger score so he was declared the winner. It was generally accepted that Keres would have the right to play a title match against Alekhine but the outbreak of the Second World war brought negotiations to an end. Paul Keres was one of the greatest players in chess history, but sadly he was never destined to play a match for the World Championship.

 

  Keres vs Alekhine

A.V.R.O, 1938

White to play and WIN

FORSYTH NOTATION:8/5k2/5p2/2P3p1/1P4R1/4K3/7r/8 w - - 0 1:

Both sides have connected passed pawns but White has the advantage because his pawns are more advanced. Also his King is better placed to deal with the opposite pawns. Keres was so convinced that he had an easy win that he didn't bother to analyse the adjourned position and played the weak move: 2.b5? instead of the winning 2.Rd4! cutting off the King from the pawns. The following main line appears to be the best continuation.

  1.c6 Ke7!

Blacks only chance is to try and blockade the White pawns.

1...Rc2? 2.b5 Ke7 3.Rb4 Kd8 4.b6 Kc8 5.b7+ Kb8 6.Rb6 f5 7.Ra6 f4+ 8.Kf3 Rc3+ 9.Ke4 Kc7 10.Ra8 Rb3 11.Rc8+ Kd6 12.b8Q++-;

2.Rd4! ...

The key move. The enemy King is kept away from the passed pawns.

Keres in the game played 2.b5? and could only draw. This move is a mistake because it allows the enemy King to get in front of the pawns and blockade them. Alekhine didn't allow his chance to slip: 2...Rb2! 3.Rc4 Kd8! 4.Rc5 g4 5.Kf4 Rb4+ (In order to draw Black has to stop the progress of the enemy pawns and keep his own pawns intact) 6.Kg3 Kc7 7.Kh4 Kc8 8.Rh5 Kc7 9.Rh7+ Kc8 10.Rb7 Rc4 11.Kg3 f5 12.Kh4 Rc5= White cannot make progress;

2... Rc2!

If 2...Rh3+ the White King travels to "a4" to escape the checks and support the pawns i.e., 3.Kd2 Rh2+ 4.Kd3 Rh3+ 5.Kc2 Rh2+ 6.Kb3 Rh3+ 7.Ka4 +-;

3.b5 Rc5

3...Rc3+ 4.Kd2! Rc5 5.Rb4 Kd8 6.b6 Kc8 7.b7+ Kb8 8.Rb6+-;

3...f5 4.Rb4 Kd8 5.b6 Kc8 6.b7+ Kb8 7.Rb6+-;

4.Rb4! Kd8

The King gets to the queenside too late to stop the advance of the pawns.

4...Re5+ 5.Kf3 Kd6 6.b6 Re8 7.Rc4 Kd5 8.c7+-;

5.b6! Kc8

6.b7+ Kb8

7.Rb6! WINS.

Black has no answer to the threat of Rb6 => Ra6 => Ra8 => Rc8 forcing the promotion of the b-pawn.

 Gens Una Sumus
Richard Forster IM, author of Amos Burn, A Chess Biography (Mcfarland&Co 2004) comments on the Burn-Taubenhaus ending, position 355:

".......thanks for drawing my attention to these drawing lines. A pity - the ending had really looked very smooth...I think your final judgement on 19th century analysis is a bit harsh, however. How many trivial mistakes can one find even today! And sitting at our computers, we should not forget how Steinitz had to analyse several hundred games for that (tournament) book - without Fritz and friends ! "

The Amos Burn biography is a magnificent achievement. It has some nice Victorian touches; the photographs etc. At nearly a 1000 pages it is a "big book" in every sense. It is not only about Burn but about chess in the late 19th and early 20th century. Please do some "googling" and read the rave reviews.

* We wish Richard every success with his book *


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings we deal with here. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had ajournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter are both good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which has been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked". Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).


> > Cumulative competition 

Rainer Staudte wins in November.

 

There will be a special prize for the highest placed newcomer in 2004.


The winners of the 2003 cumulative competition:  

1st

Antonio Senatore - Argentina,

Henryk Kalafut - USA,

Alexander Voyna- Ukraine

4th

Gerard O'Reilly - England

  COMPETITIONS for 2004

1. Cumulative 2004 This event will run from 4/1/2004 to 19/12/2004 with a recess in the Summer. Present rules apply but note the book prizes will go to those participants who climb the ladder the greatest number of times during the year. The relative position of the solver's name on the ladder will decide the allocation of prizes.
Pre 18/04/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

BRIAN'S CHESS LINKS 
ARCHIVES

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

Santasiere

31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison

10/10/04

Position 347

Marshall

03/10/04

Position 346

Vandecasteele

26/09/04

Position 345

Levenfish

19/09/04

Position 344

L. Pachman

12/09/04

Position 343

Makhatadze

05/09/04

Position 342

Capablanca

29/08/04

Position 341

Herbstman

22/08/04

Position 340

Yates

04/07/04

Position 339

Kasparyan

27/06/04

Position 338

Petrosian

20/06/04

Position 337

Chekhover

12/06/04

Position 336

Mecking

06/06/04

Position 335

Tattersall

30/05/04

Position 334

Tartakower

23/05/04

Position 333

Sochniev

16/05/04

Position 332

Polugayevsky

09/05/04

Position 331

Koltanowski

02/05/04

Position 330

Euwe

25/04/04

Position 329

Troizky

18/04/04

Position 328

Em Lasker