PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


I have decided to add further endings to the site on a monthly basis. The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over seven years. An explanation of the different types of endings is given below. Thanks for your support.

A database of chess endings.
Thanks to Antonio Senatore and Fernando Rossetti.
THIS MONTH

POSITION 362

White to play and WIN

FEN:rr4k1/p5pp/5p2/1p6/2bNn3/P3P3/4BPPP/2R2RK1 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st May 2005.


THIS MONTH, POSITION 361

Henri Rinck, (1870-1952).

French Endgame Composer. A great composer. A very prolific creator of studies. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern endgame composing. He settled in Spain in 1910 and remained there for the rest of his life. Author of 1414 Fins de Parties (1952) which contains all his best studies.

 Rinck, 1906

White to play and WIN

 

FEN:8/5N2/pp6/5pP1/2k2r2/K1P5/3P1P2/8 w - - 0 1: 

Usually in these type of endings the Knight is no match for the mobile Rook. But here the Knight guards the important squares and is superbly placed to watch over the progress of the passed g-pawn. The Rook has difficulty getting to the g-file or to the 8th rank because of the tactical Knight forks.

1.g6 ...

1.f3 Kd5 2.g6 Rxf3 3.Nh6 Rg3 4.Nxf5 Rg5 5.g7 Ke4 6.Nd6+ Kd3 7.Nf5 Kxd2-+

1... Rxf2

1...Kd5 2.Nh6 Rxf2 3.Ng4 Ke6 4.Nxf2 Kf6 5.Nh3 Kxg6 6.d4 Kf6 7.Nf4 Kg5 8.Nd5 f4 9.Nxb6 f3 10.Nc4 Kf4 11.Ne5 f2 12.Nd3+ Ke3 13.Nxf2+-

2.Ne5+ Kd5

3.Ng4!! ...

A beautiful move. The sacrifice has to be accepted. The Rook has no practical route to the White passed pawn to stop it from queening.

Fighting without the Rook is not feasible: 3... Ke6 4.Nxf2 Kf6 5.d4 Kxg6 6.Nh3 Kf6 7.Nf4 Kg5 8.d5 Kf6 9.d6 Kf7 +-;

3... fxg4

3...Rf4 4.Nf6+ Ke6 5.g7+-; 3...Re2 4.g7 Re8 5.Nf6+ +-;

4.g7 Ke4

5.g8Q ...

The ending is still difficult because the Black passed g-pawn can be supported by the Rook and King. White's winning plan is to obstruct the advance of the Black g-pawn and thus gain time to advance his own c- and d-pawns.

5... Kf3 6.Qd5+ Kf4 7.Qd6+ Kf3 8.Qf6+ Kg2 9.Qc6+ Kh3 10.Qxb6 g3 11.Qe3 Kh2 12.d4 Rf5 13.Qh6+ Kg1 14.Qc1+ Rf1 15.Qe3+ Kh2 16.Qe5 Kh3 17.Qh5+ Kg2 18.Qe2+ Rf2 19.Qxa6 Kf3 20.d5 g2 21.Qf6+ Ke2 22.Qg6 Kf1 23.Qb1+ Ke2 24.d6 Rf8 25.Qg1 Kf3 26.c4 Kg3 27.c5 Rf1 28.Qxg2+ Kxg2 29.c6 Rd1 30.c7 WINS.

 

Gens Una Sumus
8X8 Basic Endings for Success

 

Philidor, 1792

 

White to play and WIN

1.Rf8+ Re8 2.Rf7 Re2! 3.Rg7! Re1 4.Rb7 Rc1 5.Bb3!! Rc3 6.Be6 Rd3+ 7.Bd5 Rc3 8.Rd7+! Kc8 9.Rf7 Kb8 10.Rb7+ Kc8 11.Rb4! Kd8 12.Bc4!! Kc8 13.Be6+ Kd8 14.Rb8+ Rc8 15.Rxc8 mate.

 

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 18/04/04 Archives

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ARCHIVES

01/02/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

Przepiorka

19/12/04

Position 357

Keres

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

Santasiere

31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison

10/10/04

Position 347

Marshall

03/10/04

Position 346

Vandecasteele

26/09/04

Position 345

Levenfish

19/09/04

Position 344

L. Pachman

12/09/04

Position 343

Makhatadze

05/09/04

Position 342

Capablanca

29/08/04

Position 341

Herbstman

22/08/04

Position 340

Yates

04/07/04

Position 339

Kasparyan

27/06/04

Position 338

Petrosian

20/06/04

Position 337

Chekhover

12/06/04

Position 336

Mecking

06/06/04

Position 335

Tattersall

30/05/04

Position 334

Tartakower

23/05/04

Position 333

Sochniev

16/05/04

Position 332

Polugayevsky

09/05/04

Position 331

Koltanowski

02/05/04

Position 330

Euwe

25/04/04

Position 329

Troizky

18/04/04

Position 328

Em Lasker