PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


I have decided to add further endings to the site on a monthly basis. The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over eight years. An explanation of the different types of endings is given below. Thanks for your support.

A database of chess endings.
Thanks to Antonio Senatore & Fernando Rossetti.
THIS MONTH

POSITION 367

White to play and WIN

FEN:6B1/p7/k7/8/1p6/p7/P1K5/8 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st OCTOBER 2005.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 366

Alexander Kotov, (1913-1981)

Soviet Grandmaster, World Championship Candidate. Writer. He was at his best in the late 1940s and early 1950s. He made a major contribution to chess literature with books on Alexander Alekhine (1958), The Soviet School of Chess (1958), co-authored with Yudovich and his classic Think Like a Grandmaster (1971) and many others.

White to play and WIN

Kotov vs Pachman

Venice, 1950

FEN:8/4k2p/r1pR1pp1/2Pp4/6PP/4PK2/5P2/8 w - - 0 1:

It is the more active position of the White Rook which is the determining factor. It has a beautiful position, cutting off the enemy King and making it possible for its own King to advance into the enemy position. We follow the moves as played in the actual game.

 

  1.g5! fxg5

2.hxg5 Kf7

3.Kg3 ...

3.Kf4 would be a waste of time because after 3...Ra4+ the White King cannot play 4.Ke5 because of the mate.

3... Ke7

4.f3! ...

The White King will now be able to advance without fear of being mated.

4... Ra3  

4...Ra4 5.Rxc6 d4 6.exd4 Rxd4 7.Rc7+ Kd8 8.Rxh7 Rd5 9.Kg4 Rxc5 10.Rf7 Rc4+ 11.Rf4 Rc1 12.Rf6+-

5.Kf4 Ra4+

6.Ke5 Ra3

Black keeps his Rook active but White has a very powerful King.

7.Rxc6 Rxe3+

8.Kxd5 Rd3+  

8...Kd7 9.Rf6 Rd3+ 10.Kc4 Ra3 11.Kd4 Ra1 12.Rf7+ Ke6 13.Rxh7 Ra4+ 14.Kd3 Kd5 15.Rf7 Ra3+ 16.Ke2 Kxc5 17.Rf6 Kd4 18.Kf2 Ra5 19.Rxg6 Ke5 20.Rf6+-;  

8...Rxf3 9.Rc7+ Kd8 10.Rxh7 Rf1 11.Rg7 Rd1+ 12.Ke6 Re1+ 13.Kf6 wins;

9.Ke4 Rc3

10.f4 Rc1

White now simpifies into an easily won ending.

11.Rc7+ Kd8  

Slightly better is 11...Ke6 12.Kd4 Rf1 13.Rc6+ Kd7 14.Rd6+ Kc7 15.Ke5 Rf2 16.Re6 Rh2 17.Kf6 Rh1 18.Kg7 Rh2 19.Re8 Rh4 20.Rh8 Rxf4 21.Rxh7 Kc6 22.Kxg6+-  

12.Rxh7 Rxc5

13.Rf7 ...

Black Resigned.

The g-pawn is lost: 13... Rc4+ 14.Ke5 Ke8 15.Rf6 Rc5+ 16.Kd4 Ra5 17.Rxg6 Kf7 18.Rf6+ Kg7 19.Rc6 Rb5 20.Rc5+-;
8X8 Basic Endings for Success

 

 

Centurini, 1847

 

 

 

 

White to play and WIN.

 1.Bh4 Kb5 2.Bf2 Ka6 3.Bc5! Bg3 4.Be7 Kb5 5.Bd8 Kc6 6.Bh4! Bh2 7.Bf2 Bf4 8.Ba7 Bg3 9.Bb8 Bf2 10.Bh2 Ba7 11.Bg1! WINS.

 

 

 

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 18/04/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

BRIAN'S CHESS LINKS 
ARCHIVES

01/08/05

Position 365

Reti

01/07/05

Position 364

Napier

01/06/05

Position 363

Timman

01/05/05

Position 362

Schlechter

01/04/05

Position 361

Rinck

01/03/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

Przepiorka

19/12/04

Position 357

Keres

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

Santasiere

31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison

10/10/04

Position 347

Marshall

03/10/04

Position 346

Vandecasteele

26/09/04

Position 345

Levenfish

19/09/04

Position 344

L. Pachman

12/09/04

Position 343

Makhatadze

05/09/04

Position 342

Capablanca

29/08/04

Position 341

Herbstman

22/08/04

Position 340

Yates

04/07/04

Position 339

Kasparyan

27/06/04

Position 338

Petrosian

20/06/04

Position 337

Chekhover

12/06/04

Position 336

Mecking

06/06/04

Position 335

Tattersall

30/05/04

Position 334

Tartakower

23/05/04

Position 333

Sochniev

16/05/04

Position 332

Polugayevsky

09/05/04

Position 331

Koltanowski

02/05/04

Position 330

Euwe

25/04/04

Position 329

Troizky

18/04/04

Position 328

Em Lasker