PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


I have decided to add further endings to the site on a monthly basis. The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over eight years. An explanation of the different types of endings is given below. Thanks for your support.

A database of chess endings.
* Remembering Steve Boniface who died last month *
Thanks to Bill Frost Antonio Senatore & Fernando Rossetti.
THIS MONTH

POSITION 369

White to play and WIN

FEN:2N5/8/b2Kp2B/8/3k4/8/8/5N2 w - - 0 1:   

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st DECEMBER 2005.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 368

Rudolf Spielmann, (1883-1942).

Austrian-Jewish Chessmaster and writer. His style was romantic, in the tradition of the 19th century. He rejected the hypermodernism of his contemporaries and was instead always on the lookout for direct attacks against the King. In the latter part of his career he improved his endgame technique and become a member of the worlds elite. His philosophy of play is illustrated in his famous book The Art of Sacrifice in Chess (1935). In 1939 political upheaval forced him to flee to Sweden from where he died in 1942.

Alexander vs Spielmann 

Margate, 1937

Black to play and WIN

 

FEN:8/p7/6k1/2R3p1/2P5/PK6/5r2/8 b - - 0 1: 

This is a very instructive ending in which which Black wins by forcing the enemy Rook to occupy an unfavourable blockading square in front of the outside passed g-pawn. The Black King supported by the Rook attacks on the queenside. The main line is the actual moves played in the game.

1... g4!

Black is threatening to win simply by pushing the g-pawn.

2.Rc8 Rf7!

It is important that the Black Rook finds its optmium position. The Rook makes its way to "g7". From here it will support the passed g-pawn and watch over the queenside.

3.Rd8 Rg7!  

3...g3? 4.Rd3 g2 5.Rg3+ Kf5 6.Rxg2+-;

4.c5 ... 

4.Rd3 Kf6 5.c5 g3 6.Rd1 g2 7.Rg1 Ke6 8.Kc4 Kd7 9.Kb5 Kc7-+; 

4... g3

5.Rd1 Kf5

6.Kc4 g2

Now the White Rook is forced to relinguish the d-file and take up a passive blockading position at "g1".

7.Rg1 Ke6

Fortunately the King can now move to the queenside to attack the enemy pawns.

8.Kb5 Kd7

9.a4 Kc7

10.Ka6 Rg4

11.Ka5 ...

11.a5 Kc6 12.Kxa7 Rg8 13.a6 Kc7 14.c6 Rg7 (Kxc6? leads to a draw) 15.Ka8 Rg6 16.Ka7 Rg8 -+,

11... Kc6

White Resigned.

White is forced to give way. A beautifully played ending by Spielmann.


8X8 Basic Endings for Success

Steve Boniface, (1951-2005).

The British chess scene has been shocked and saddened by the sudden death of Steve Boniface, a highly respected arbiter. Steve had taken early retirement to concentrate on his chess activities. I knew Steve for over 20 years. In the 90s we played in the same county team and I played in many of the tournaments he controlled, particularly those in the west country.

For a moving Obituary see the BCF site.

John Richards, a Bristol friend, gives us some of his personal memories.

He visited this endgame site and I know he would like to share this ending with you.

Black to play and WIN.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1... b2,

2.Nd1 ...

The Knight attacks the pawn so the pawn is forced to advance and to promote. Otherwise the Knight will take the pawn.

2...b1B !!

Black has to underpromote to a Bishop ! This is the only way to win. The Queen or Rook promotion will lead to stalemate:

2...b1Q or 2...b1R 3.Nc3+ Bxc3 stalemate.

The ending with BNvN after 2...b1N is a draw. Black has a difficult technical win with the BBvN ending.

 

 

 

 

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 18/04/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

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27/06/04

Position 338

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Position 337

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Position 332

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09/05/04

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Position 330

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25/04/04

Position 329

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18/04/04

Position 328

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