PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over eight years.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 376

White to play and WIN

FEN:3k4/4n1p1/1p1pPp1p/p1p2P1P/P1P1K1P1/1P6/1B6/8 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st JULY 2006.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 375

Ratmir Kholmov, (1925-2006).

Russian grandmaster. Died on February 18th. He was at his best from the late 1950s to the early 1970s. He played in 17 Soviet Chess Championships, sharing first place with Boris Spassky and Leonid Stein in 1963. He won the Capablanca Memorial Tournament held in Havana in 1968.

Havana, 1965

Fischer vs Kholmov

Black to play and WIN (?)

FEN:5r2/4b1R1/p3p2p/1p2Pk2/1Pp2P2/P2rBK1P/8/R7 b - - 0 1

A complicated Rook and Bishop ending in which both sides have chances. Black has an aggressive Rook at "d3" pinning the enemy Bishop and a protective passed pawn at "c4". At a glance it may seem that Black has an easily won game but the White Rook at "g7" is prepared to start an counter-attack. A pleasant feature of this ending is the infiltration of the other Black Rook via the g-file. This ending was probably affected by the tournament situation in which Bobby Fischer needed a win to come first in the tournament. The following are the actual moves played in the game: 

1... Bd8

White now has to meet the threat of ...Bb6;

2.Rb7 Rg8

The Rook takes control of the g-file;

3.Rb8(?) ...

A much better move is 3.Rf7+! ... which makes the win problematic. The Black King is forced from its shelter to the edge of the board and the White King gains access to "e4". White has the possibility of tactical threats against the Black King. A possible continuation, other than just repeating moves, is 4.Rb7 Kh5 5.Ra2 Rg1 6.Re2 Rxa3 7.Rd7 Bh4 8.Ke4 Rg3 9.Rd6 Rg6 10.f5 exf5+ 11.Kxf5 Rxd6 12.exd6 a5 13.bxa5 Rxa5 14.Bb6 Ra6 15.Bc5 Rc6 16.Ba3 c3 17.d7 c2 18.Bc1 b4 19.Re4 Bd8 20.Re8 Rf6+ 21.Ke4 Rf1 22.Rxd8 Rxc1 23.Rc8 Re1+ 24.Kf3 Rd1 25.Rxc2 Rxd7 26.Rc5+ Kg6 27.Rb5 =;

3... Rg7

4.a4 ...

White counter-attacks on the queenside

4... h5

5.axb5 axb5

6.Rxb5(?) ...

6.Raa8 h5! and Black's attack is still winning

6... Bh4!

Black threatens the devastating Rook check at "g3"

7.Ke2 Rg2+

8.Kf1 Rh2

9.Kg1 Re2

10.Bb6 c3

Black has an overwhelming position

11.Kf1 Rh2-+

White Resigned.

+

PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

8X8 Basic Endings for Success  

 

 

White to play and WIN

 

 

Friedrich Amelung, 1884

 

1.Bc4+ Kh7 2.Kf7 Nd7 3.Nd3 Nb6 4.Bb3 Nc8 5.Ke6 Nb6 6.Kd6 Nc8+ 7.Kd7 Na7 8.Bc4 Kg6 9.Kc7 Kf5 10.Kb7 WINS.

 

 


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

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01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

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01/10/05

Position 367

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01/09/05

Position 366

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01/08/05

Position 365

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01/07/05

Position 364

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01/06/05

Position 363

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01/05/05

Position 362

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01/04/05

Position 361

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01/03/05

Position 360

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01/02/05

Position 359

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16/01/05

Position 358

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19/12/04

Position 357

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12/12/04

Position 356

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05/12/04

Position 355

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28/11/04

Position 354

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21/11/04

Position 353

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14/11/04

Position 352

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07/11/04

Position 351

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31/10/04

Position 350

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24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison