PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over eight years.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore and David Shire
THIS MONTH

POSITION 377

White to play and WIN

FEN:8/8/5Pp1/k2P4/7B/3r4/8/6K1 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st AUGUST 2006.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 376

David Janowski, (1868-1927).

Polish Grandmaster who later in his life settled in Paris. He was renowned for his attacking ability. He won many brilliancy prizes but he didn't have the patience for long endings unless the win was straightforward enough. He once said, "I detest the endgame. A well-played game should be practically decided in the middlegame." It is not surprising then that with this attitude he had a negative score against the really great players like Capablanca and Emanuel Lasker. 

Vienna, 1898

Janowski vs Schlechter

White to play and WIN

FEN:3k4/4n1p1/1p1pPp1p/p1p2P1P/P1P1K1P1/1P6/1B6/8 w - - 0 1:

David Janowski was in good form at Vienna and managed to come third in this huge tournament achieving one of his best results. Fortunately the ending against Schlechter was fairly straightforward; White has the better pieces and only needs to engineer a breakthrough on the kingside to bring home the full point. The Black fortress soon collapses.

1.g5! Ng8

The only move to meet the threat against the Kingside pawns:

1...hxg5? 2.Bxf6! g4 (2...gxf6 3.h6+-) 3.Bxg7+-; 1...fxg5? 2.Bxg7 Ng8 3.f6+- ; 1...Ke8? 2.gxf6 gxf6 3.Bxf6 Ng8 4.Bg7 Ke7 5.Kd5+-;

2.gxf6 gxf6

2...Nxf6+ 3.Bxf6+ gxf6 4.Kd5 Kc7 5.e7 Kd7 6.e8Q+ Kxe8 7.Kxd6+-;

3.Bc1! ...

Black will have great difficulty in covering all the invasion squares.

3... Kc7

3...Ke7? 4.Bf4 or 4.Kd5 +-; 3...Ke8 4.Bf4 Ke7 5.Kd5+-;

4.Bd2! Kc6

Black has little choice with his moves.

5.Bf4! Kc7

6.e7!! ...

White was playing for this psuedo pawn sacrifice.

6... Kd7

7.e8Q+ Kxe8

8.Kd5 ...

Now the White Monarch invades with impunity.

8...Ne7+

8...Ke7 9.Kc6+- ; 8...Kd7 9.Bxd6 Kd8 10.Kc6+-;

9.Ke6

Here Black Resigned.

9..Nc6 10.Bxh6+-; 9...Ng8 10.Bxd6+-; 9...Nc8 10.Bxh6+-; 9...Kd8 10.Bxh6+-;

PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

8X8 Basic Endings for Success  

 

 

White to play and WIN

 

 

 

 

A.TROITZKY, 1924

FROM THE MASTER:

1.h7 Rh2

2.Rf1+ Kc2

3.Rf2+!! Winning.

Trival but charming.

 

 


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

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01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

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01/10/05

Position 367

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01/09/05

Position 366

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01/08/05

Position 365

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01/07/05

Position 364

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01/06/05

Position 363

Timman

01/05/05

Position 362

Schlechter

01/04/05

Position 361

Rinck

01/03/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

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19/12/04

Position 357

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12/12/04

Position 356

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05/12/04

Position 355

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28/11/04

Position 354

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21/11/04

Position 353

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14/11/04

Position 352

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07/11/04

Position 351

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31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison