PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over eight years.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 378

Black to play and WIN

 

FEN:3r4/p1p3rk/1p3p1p/3PpP1b/1b2B3/1P1RBP1P/1P2K3/6R1 b - - 0 1:

 It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st SEPTEMBER 2006.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 377

Vasily (1881-1952) & Mikhail Platov, (1883-1938). 

Latvian/Soviet Endgame Composers. The Platov brothers started composing independently of each other but by 1905 they were working as a team. Vasily was the most creative in the composing duo but they both needed each other for their talent to flourish. Their compositions were of a high order. They built on earlier work but also made new discoveries in the field of endgame theory. They wrote together: 'Selection of Chess Studies' (Sbornik shakhmatnykh etyudov, 1928).

V. & M. Platov

Deutsche Schachzeitung, 1908

White to Play and WIN  

FEN:8/8/5Pp1/k2P4/7B/3r4/8/6K1 w - - 0 1:

To the Platov brothers the study is a work of art which must have content and form. The content consists of an idea which finds expression in a combination or in positional play. Perfection in form is in the construction of the initial position combined with the principle of economy of means. Again we see their great composing gifts in operation in the following study.

White's chances lie in the promotion of the advanced f-pawn. The White King is well placed to guard the critical squares of the f-file.

1.d6! Rd1+

1...Rxd6 2.f7 Rd1+ 3.Be1+! and follows as the seventh move in the main line;

2.Kg2 Rd2+

2...Rxd6 3.f7 Rd2+ 4.Kh3 (4.Kf1? Rd5=) 4...Rd3+ 5.Kg2 and follows as in main line;

3.Kh3 Rxd6

3...Rd3+ 4.Bg3 Kb6 5.f7 Rf3 6.d7+-;

4.f7 ...

The White f-pawn threatens to queen and Blacks only chance is to keep checking with the Rook hoping he gain access to the f-file.

4... Rd3+

5.Kg2! ...

The King has to go backwards in order to make progress;

5... Rd2+

6.Kg1(h1) ...

6.Kf1? Rd5=;

6... Rd1+

7.Be1+! ...

A beautiful forcing sacrifice of the Bishop. The Rook is denied easy access to the important f-file so that the pawn will be able to promote once Black has no more checks with the Rook.

7... Rxe1+

8.Kg2 Re2+

9.Kg3 Re3+

10.Kg4 ...

10.Kf4? Re1=

10... Re4+

11.Kg5 Re5+

12.Kxg6 Re6+

The King now travels backwards for the last time keeping to the g-file.

13.Kg5 ...

13.Kf5? Re1= ; 13.Kg7? Re7=;

13...Re5+

14.Kg4 Re4+

15.Kg3 ...

15.Kf3 Re1 16.Kf2+-;

15... Re3+

16.Kf2 WINS.

The checks at an end and the Rook cannot get to the queening square. The King march up and down the board has created a wonderful artic impression. The Platovs at their best.

PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

8X8 Basic Endings for Success  

 

 

White to play and WIN

 

 

 

 

Kling & Horwitz

1.Qh6+ Kd3; 2.Qd6+ Ke3;

3.Qc5+ Kd3; 4.Qc2+ Ke3;

5.Qc3+ Kf2; 6.Qxd2 Kf1;

7.Qf4+ Kg2; 8.Qe3 Kf1;

9.Qf3+ Ke1; 10.Qf4 Kd1;

11.Qc1 Mate.

 

 


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

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ARCHIVES

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann

01/10/05

Position 367

Beasley

01/09/05

Position 366

Kotov

01/08/05

Position 365

Reti

01/07/05

Position 364

Napier

01/06/05

Position 363

Timman

01/05/05

Position 362

Schlechter

01/04/05

Position 361

Rinck

01/03/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

Przepiorka

19/12/04

Position 357

Keres

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

Santasiere

31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison