PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 10th year.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore and Avi Woolf
THIS MONTH

POSITION 385

White to play and WIN

FEN:8/2kn4/3N2p1/2pPp3/pp2PbN1/3K4/PP3P2/8 w - - 0 1

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st APRIL 2007.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 384

Abram Gurevich, (1897-1962)

Russian Endgame Composer. International Judge of Compositions. A gifted composer who belonged to an elite group of early Soviet composers who showed many original ideas in the new emerging art of study composing. His best period of composing was before the Second World War. In 1961 he published Etyudi which consisted of 70 of his studies and also contained a long essay on the art of study composing with many examples.

A. S. Gurevich

1st Prize Dagestan Tny, 1952

White to play and DRAW

FEN:1K3kB1/8/6p1/7R/8/4b3/8/6n1 w - - 0 1:

Both of White's pieces are threatened: he is faced with losing one of them. Saving the Rook instead of the Bishop would lead to a lost BNPvR ending. Amazingly by saving the lesser valued Bishop White can set up an exceptional 'positional draw'.

1.Rh8! Kg7

2.Bh7! ...

Black must save his pawn.

2... g5!

White must lose a piece and in this ending the Bishop is stronger than the Rook.

3.Bf5!! Kxh8

4.Bg4!! ...

A beautiful conception. The passed pawn is blocked and the Black Knight is shut in.

Can Black activate his King?

4... Kg7

5.Kc7! Kf6

6.Kd6! ...

The King blocks the entry to "e5"

6... Bc1

6...Bf4+ 7.Kd5 Bg3 8.Ke4 Bc7 9.Kd5=;

7.Kd5 Ba3

8.Ke4 Ke7

9.Kd5! ...

The enemy King is not allowed to attack the blockading Bishop.

9... Kd8

10.Kc6 Bc1

11.Kb7 Ke7

11...Be3 12.Kc6=

12.Kc6 Kf6

13.Kd5 DRAW

A very memorable positional draw.

My Lil Reminder

Free Web Page Counters

PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

BRIAN'S CHESS LINKS 
ARCHIVES

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

Platovs

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann