PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian. G. E. Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 10th year.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 386

White to play and DRAW

FEN:6k1/8/5P1b/r3p3/5N2/p7/1P2P3/4K2R w K - 0 1

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 2nd MAY 2007.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 385

David Bronstein, (1924-2006).

World Championship Challenger, Soviet Grandmaster and writer. Bronstein was a great player with a likeable personality who came close to winning the World Championship in 1951. Botvinnik was out of form and found it difficult to cope with his brilliant young opponent. The World Champion overcame a one point deficit, winning the penultimate game and drawing the final game to keep the title.

 Bronstein was an original thinker who demonstrated a high degree of creativity in the middlegame. But his independence of thought and family background would lead him into trouble with the Soviet authorities. His lasting legacy is his long list of brilliant games and his superb Zurich International Chess Tournament 1953 which has become a classic in chess literature.

Bronstein vs Gligoric

1953, Zurich

White to play and WIN

FEN:8/2kn4/3N2p1/2pPp3/pp2PbN1/3K4/PP3P2/8 w - - 0 1

White has a protected passed pawn and better placed minor pieces. Also the White King has invasion squares on the queenside. The Black pieces, especially the Bishop, lack mobility and he has serious pawn weaknesses. We follow the moves as played in the game:

1.Nf7 a3?

Not the best move because Black creates another weakness which makes the win relatively easy for White.

1...Kb6 2.Kc4 Bc1 (if 2...g5 3.b3 a3 4.f3 Kc7 (if 4...Ka5 5.d6 Kb6 6.Kd5+-) 5.Kb5 Kb7 6.Nd8+ Kc8 7.Ne6+-) 3.b3 axb3 4.axb3 Bf4 5.Nh8! Nf8 6.Nf6 Bg5 7.Ng8! Bh4 8.f3 Bg5 9.Nf7 Bf4 10.Ne7 g5 11.d6 Nd7 12.Kd5 Kb5 13.Ng6+-;

1...Kb7 2.Kc4 Kb6 3.b3 a3 4.Nd8 Bg5 5.Nc6 Bf4 6.Ne7 g5 7.d6 Bc1 8.Kd5 Bf4 9.Ke6 +-;

1...Bc1 2.b3 axb3 3.axb3 Bb2 4.Ne3 Kb7 5.Nc4 Bd4 6.f4! exf4 7.e5 Nb6 (if 7...f3 8.d6 f2 9.Ke2 Nf8 10.Ng5 Kc6 11.e6 Nxe6 12.Nxe6+-) 8.Nfd6+ Ka6 9.Nxb6 Kxb6 10.e6 Bf6 11.Ke4 g5 12.Kf3+-;

2.bxa3 bxa3

3.Kc4 ...

Now the Black queenside pawns look very vulnerable.

3... Kb6

4.Kb3 Ka5

5.Nd6 ...

5.Kxa3 also wins 5... c4 (if 5...Bc1+ 6.Kb3 Bf4 7.Kc4 Kb6 8.a4+-) 6.Kb2 Kb4 7.a3+ Kb5 (if 7...Ka4 8.Kc3 Kxa3 9.Kxc4+-) 8.Kc3 Kc5 9.a4+-;

5... Bc1

5...Nb6 6.Nf7 c4+ (if 6...Nd7 7.Kxa3+-) 7.Kc3 Kb5 8.Ngxe5 Na4+ 9.Kc2 g5 10.Nf3 Kc5 11.N3xg5 Bxg5 12.Nxg5+- ;

White wins the e-pawn and the game

6.Nc4+ Kb5

7.Ngxe5+- Wins.

My Lil Reminder

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PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

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01/03/07

Position 384

Gurevich

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

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01/07/06

Position 376

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01/06/06

Position 375

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01/05/06

Position 374

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01/04/06

Position 373

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01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann