PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian. G. E. Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 10th year.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 387

White to play and WIN

FEN:4k3/p1p2ppp/8/1K1P4/8/4b2P/PP2N1P1/8 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st June 2007.
THIS MONTH, POSITION 386

Genrikh Kasparyan, (1910-1995).

Soviet International Master and Brilliant Endgame Study Composer. Champion of Armenia 10 times. One of his early rivals was the young Tigran Petrosian and they had many exciting battles together. He was finalist and semi-finalist in several Soviet championships. In one of these competitions he beat the young Botvinnik. Kasparyan will be remembered chiefly for his studies. He was a world class composer and won many prizes. Author of "Domination in 2545 Endgame Studies."(1980).

Kasparyan, 1956

White to play and DRAW

FEN:6k1/8/5P1b/r3p3/5N2/p7/1P2P3/4K2R w K - 0 1

The immediate threat is against the Knight but Black is also threatening to queen his a-pawn with ...a2 or ...axb etc. White needs to get his Rook to the queenside to help tackle the pawn. White sacrifices his advanced pawn to bring the Black King on to the f-file where it will be vulnerable to an attacking castling move !! After winning the Black a-pawn White sets up a delightful positional draw.

 

1.f7+! ...

1.Nd3? a2 2.f7+ Kf8-+; 1.bxa3?? Bxf4 -+;

1... Kxf7

1...Kg7? 2.Ng6! Kxg6 3.Rxh6+ Kxf7 4.bxa3 Rxa3 5.Kf2=;

1...Kf8? 2.Ng6+ Kxf7 3.Nxe5+ Rxe5 4.Rxh6 axb2 5.Rb6=;

2.Nd3 a2

12...axb2 3.Nxb2 Ra1+ 4.Nd1=;

3.0-0+! ...

Now we see the point of White's pawn sacrifice. In castling with check White gains time to bring the Rook to the queenside.

3... Ke6

4.Ra1 ...

White has contained the advance of the pawn by clever play but his position still looks very difficult.

4... e4

5.Nb4 Ra4

6.Nxa2! ...

White has won the a-pawn but the Knight is in a nasty pin.

6.Rxa2? Be3+ -+;

6... Bg7

7.Kg2!! ...

The most difficult move to find in the study.

White has to be careful how he sets up the positional draw:

7.Kf2? Bxb2 8.Rd1 Rxa2 9.Rd2 e3+ 10.Kxe3 Bc1 -+;

7.e3? Bxb2 8.Rd1 Rxa2 9.Rd2 Ra1+ 10.Kf2 Bf6 -+;

7... Bxb2

8.Rd1 Rxa2

9.Rd2 Kf5

9...e3 10.Rc2 Kd5 11.Kf3 Kd4 12.Kg3 Ke4 13.Kg4 Ke5 14.Kf3 Kd4 15.Kg3=

10.e3 Kg4

11.Rf2 Kh4

12.Rd2 DRAW

It is a positional draw. The Bishop is in a permanent pin. The King cannot travel to the queenside to help break the pin.

My Lil Reminder

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PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

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03/04/07

Position 385

Bronstein

01/03/07

Position 384

Gurevich

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

Platovs

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann