PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian. G. E. Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 10th year.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 389

Black to play and WIN

FEN:8/3n4/2n3pp/1p1kp3/5P1N/4K1P1/1B5P/8 b - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st August 2007.


THIS MONTH, POSITION 388

Pal Benko, (1928-)

International Grandmaster. World Championship Candidate. Endgame Composer. Although born in France he grew up in Hungary and won the national championship at the age of 20. In 1956 he left Hungary and settled in the USA where he was very successful as a player, winning many Open Tournaments. In 1959 he became a World Championship Candidate and again in 1962 at Curacao. His selfless sacrifice of his place in the Interzonal (Palma de Mallorca 1970) made way for Bobby Fischer's successful 1972 challenge for the World Title. He made an important contribution to opening theory with his book: The Benko Gambit (1973) and revised Reuben Fine's classic endgame text: Basic Chess Endings (2003). He is an expert endgame composer and has won many prizes in this field.

1st Prize,

Sakkelet 1987

White to play and WIN

FEN:8/2P2p1K/1Pq1kb1P/1p3p1Q/8/8/8/8 w - - 0 1:

White has powerful passed pawns but they cannot safely advance. He is a piece down and he has to be careful about Queen mating threats. A feature of this study is the underpromotion of a White pawn to a Knight. The Knight ending is very fine because the White win depends on accurate calculation and finesse.

1.Qd1! ...

White threatens to win with 2.Qd8! Bxd8 3.cxd8N+!;

1.b7 Qxc7 (if 1...Qxb7 2.Qxf5+ Kxf5 3.c8Q+ Qxc8=) 2.b8Q Qxb8 3.Qxf5+ Ke7 4.Qxf6+ Kxf6=; 1.Qf3 Qxf3 2.c8Q+ Ke7! 3.b7 Qg3 4.Qf8+ Kxf8 5.b8Q+ Qxb8=;

1... Qa8

1...Qe8 2.Qe2+! Be5 3.Qxe5+! Kxe5 4.b7 Qc6 5.c8Q Qg6+ 6.Kh8 Qxh6+ 7.Kg8 Qg6+ 8.Kf8 Qh6+ 9.Ke8 Qh8+ 10.Kd7+-;

2.Qd8! Bxd8

2...Qxd8 3.cxd8Q Bxd8 4.b7 Bc7 5.Kg8 Kd7 6.h7 Be5 7.h8Q Bxh8 8.b8Q+-;

3.b7! ...

The passers are very powerful.

3... Qxb7

4.cxd8N+! Ke7

The alternative 4...Kd5 also loses: 5.Nxb7 f4 6.Na5 Ke4 7.Nb3 Ke3 8.Nd4! ( A very nice move ...Kxd4 9.Kg8 and the h-pawn will queen with check) 8... b4 9.Kg8 b3 10.h7 b2 11.Nc2+ Ke2 12.Na3 wins;

5.Nxb7 Kf8

Black traps the White King but it is only for a few moves.

6.Nc5 f4

6...b4 7.Nd7+ Ke7 8.Kg7 b3 9.Nb6! b2 10.Nd5+ Kd6 11.Nc3+- ;

7.Nd7+ Ke7

8.Kg7 f3

9.Nf6! ...

9.Nb6? Kd6=;

9... f2

Fortunately the Knight now has an important check at d5 which allows it to get back to guard the queening square of the f-pawn. Without this important tempo saving check White would lose the ending. Often the final stage is decided on such fine points as this.

10.Nd5+ Ke6 11.Ne3 WINS

White wins with the advance and promotion of the h-pawn.

My Lil Reminder

Free Web Page Counters

PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS CD

ChessDevon, in collaboration with PCE has produced a CD that includes practically all the endgame positions that have appeared  on this site. This CD contains 363 endgame positions taken from games and studies.  Nearly all the positions are preceded by a pen portrait of the player or composer.  A built-in programme is provided on the CD to play through the endings.

"PRACTICAL CHESS ENDINGS" is available at £12:50 (including UK postage) from "ChessDevon".

  Order by E-Mail from: bill@frostw170.fsnet.co.uk

Chess Devon: http://www.chessdevon.co.uk (Chess news and games from Devon and the West of England.)

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

BRIAN'S CHESS LINKS 
ARCHIVES

01/06/07

Position 387

Chigorin

01/05/07

Position 386

Kasparyn

03/04/07

Position 385

Bronstein

01/03/07

Position 384

Gurevich

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

Platovs

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann