PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*chessending.com*

Editor: Brian. G. E. Gosling

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has now reached its 10th year.

A database of chess endings
Thanks to Antonio Senatore
THIS MONTH

POSITION 393

White to play and draw

FEN:8/8/1p3bp1/1pp5/1P1p1kP1/P1P1NP2/5K2/8 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st December 2007.
LAST MONTH POSITION 392

Anatoly Karpov, (1951- ).

International Grandmaster, World Champion: 1975-85, FIDE 1993-99. After winning the World Junior Championship in 1969 Karpov soon made a strong challenge for the top title. He qualified for the 1974 Candidates' Tournament, which determined who was to challenge the reigning World Champion, Bobby Fischer. Karpov beat Polugaevsky ( +3=5) in the Candidates' match to face former World Champion Boris Spassky in the semi-final. Although Spassky was favourite and won the first game, aggressive play from Karpov secured him a match win ( +4-1=6). The Candidates' final was against fellow Soviet Viktor Korchnoi. After a nervy finish Karpov managed to win the match (+3-2=19). Thus he won the right to challenge Fischer for the World Championship. Fischer drew up a list of demands and when FIDE refused to accept them, Fischer resigned his crown. Thus Karpov in 1975 became the new World Champion.

In 1978, Karpov's first title defence was against Viktor Korchnoi. Karpov narrowly won the match (6-5, =21). Three years later Korchnoi re-emerged as the challenger. Karpov easily won a one-sided affair remembered as the "Massacre at Merano". Karpov's brilliant tournament career reached its peak at the Montreal "Tournament of Stars" in 1979, where he was =1st with Mikhail Tal. He won the Soviet Championship in 1976, 1983, and 1988. Karpov lost only two games out of 68 in Olympiad play.

Spassky vs Karpov

6th G, Candidates SF 1974

Black to play and WIN

FEN:2r5/8/1p1Pk3/p3p1p1/PP4P1/3R2K1/8/8 b - - 0 1:

In the 70's when I was a student I remember buying a copy of "The Games of Anatoly Karpov". The last event it covered was the 1974 candidates Semi-final match between Karpov and Spassky. In the edition I had this game was never included but it must have been the turning point of the whole match ! In the early middle game Spassky had held the advantage with a strong passed pawn and more active pieces. But the exchange of Queen's lead to an ending where his passed d-pawn became weak. With this ending in which he showed his supreme technique Karpov took the lead and never looked back as he made his way to the ultimate title.

1... e4!!

An important tempo-gaining move. Black's Rook will gain access to the 3rd rank and the King will be able to advance.

1...axb4? 2.d7 Rd8 3.Rb3 Rxd7 4.Rxb4=;

2.Rd4 ...

2.d7!? Rd8 3.Rd4 Ke5 4.Rd1 axb4 5.Kf2 Kf4 6.Ke2!? b3!! (if 6...Kxg4? 7.Ke3 Kh3 (if 7...b3 8.Kxe4 b2 9.Rg1+ Kh3 10.Rh1+ Kg2 11.Rb1 Rxd7 12.Rxb2+=) 8.Kxe4 g4 9.Rd3+ g3 10.Kf4 Kh4 11.Rd6 Rf8+ 12.Ke4 Rd8 13.Kf4=) 7.Rd2 Kxg4 8.Ke3 Kh3 9.Kxe4 g4 10.Rd3+ g3 11.Kf4 Kh4 12.Rd6 Rf8+ 13.Ke4 b2 14.Rd1 g2-+;

2... Ke5!

3.Rd1 axb4

Spassky must have had a terrible sinking feeling that the ending was going away from him.

4.Rb1 ...

4.Kg2 Rd8 5.d7 Kf4 6.Rd6 b3 7.Rxb6 Rxd7 8.Rxb3 Rd2+ 9.Kf1 Ra2-+;

4... Rc3+!

The opposing King is forced back and the Rook finds an active position.

5.Kf2 Rd3

The dangerous passed d-pawn is taken care of.

6.d7 Rxd7

7.Rxb4 Rd6!

Also winning is: 7...Rd4! 8.Rxb6 Rxa4 9.Kg3 Ra3+ 10.Kg2 (if 10.Kf2 Kf4 11.Rb2 Kxg4-+) 10...Kf4 11.Rb4 Rg3+ 12.Kf2 Rxg4-+;

8.Ke3 Rd3+

9.Ke2 Ra3!

White resigned.

The Black King will advance on the kingside with decisive effect. The game might have gone as follows:10.Kd2 Kf4! 11.Kc2 Ra2+ 12.Kb3 Ra1 13.Kb2 Rh1 14.Rxb6 e3 15.Re6 Kf3 16.Rf6+ Kxg4 17.Re6 Kf3 18.Rf6+ Ke4 19.Re6+ Kf4 20.a5 g4 21.a6 Rh7 22.Kc2 g3 23.Rf6+ Kg4 24.Rg6+ Kf3 25.Rf6+ Ke2 26.Rg6 Kf2 27.Rf6+ Ke1 28.Rg6 e2-+.

My Lil Reminder

Free Web Page Counters


I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 17/10/04 Archives

mailto: brigosling@aol.com

BRIAN'S CHESS LINKS 
ARCHIVES

01/10/07

Position 391

Sir. G. Thomas

01/09/07

Position 390

Grigoriev

01/08/07

Position 389

Reshevsky

01/07/07

Position 388

Benko

01/06/07

Position 387

Chigorin

01/05/07

Position 386

Kasparyn

03/04/07

Position 385

Bronstein

01/03/07

Position 384

Gurevich

01/02/07

Position 383

Polugayevsky

01/01/07

Position 382

Mattison

01/12/06

Position 381

Keres

01/11/06

Position 380

Euwe

01/10/06

Position 379

Rusinek

01/09/06

Position 378

Fine

01/08/06

Position 377

Platovs

01/07/06

Position 376

Janowski

01/06/06

Position 375

Kholmov

01/05/06

Position 374

Smyslov

01/04/06

Position 373

Rinck

01/03/06

Position 372

O. Bernstein

01/02/06

Position 371

Ban

01/01/06

Position 370

Em. Lasker

01/12/05

Position 369

Kasparyan

01/11/05

Position 368

Spielmann